Amir Nazari Anamagh
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of group therapy with a positive psychological approach on semantics and life satisfaction in the elderly living in Tohid boarding school. The research was quasi-experimental and pretest-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of the present study included all the elderly living in Tohid boarding center in Tehran in 2015. Thirty subjects were selected by purposive sampling based on inclusion criteria and divided into two groups of 15 experimental and control. For the experimental group, interventions in terms of positivist psychology were presented to work on the concept of life and life satisfaction, while the control group was given other general trainings. In this study, three research tools of life satisfaction, meaning in life, and brief psychological examination were used to collect data. The results were statistically analyzed using software and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, paired t-test and analysis of covariance were used. The results of paired t-test showed that the mean of the experimental group before and after the experimental interventions was significantly different (p <0.001) while the mean of the control group before and after the intervention was not different (p <0.671). Analysis of covariance was used to compare the mean scores between the two groups. Analysis of covariance also showed a significant difference between experimental and control wedges (p <0.001). It was concluded that positivist psychological interventions could increase the concept of life and life satisfaction among the elderly.
Keywords: Tohid Center Elderly, Life Satisfaction, Meaning in Life, Positive Psychology